滚球体育

芯片IC单片机解密百科

十年专注单片机解密

飞机发动机和高集成度芯片生产那个更难呢

ic程序解密的芯片的制程是用来表征集成电路尺寸大小的参数,制程工艺的每一次提升,带来的都是性能的增强和功耗的降低。21世纪以来,芯片制程从180nm、130nm、90nm、65nm、40nm、28nm、22nm、14nm,一直发展到现在的10nm、7nm、5nm。

高性能航空发动机和高端芯片(),分别被誉为“工业皇冠上的明珠”和“工业粮草”,作为技术含量极高的工业产品,它们牢牢占据着当今科技的制高点.同时它们也是我国相对薄弱的两个领域,在这两个领域中,国家层面在持续加大投入,科研人员也从未放弃努力,有成果也有挫折,但是直到如今仍然跟世界强国有着不小的差距。“中国心”和 “中国芯”,究竟哪个更难突破呢?本文将从技术、市场、国家、企业这四个角度提供一些观点与思考。


SHOUXIAN,WOMENCONGJISHUSHANGLEJIEYIXIAZHEILIANGZHONGGONGYECHANPINDEYANZHINANDU。


GAOXINGNENGHANGKONGFADONGJIHEGAODUANXINPIANDOUSHIGEZIXINGYEDEJIZHI,KEJIHANLIANGHENGAO,JISHUNANDIANHENDUO,XIANYUPIANFUBUZHUYIZHANKAI,ZHEILIWOMENZHITAOLUNCAILIAOXINGNENGHEJIAGONGGONGYIDEWENTI,ZHEIYESHIYENEIGONGRENDECHAJUSUOZAI。


ZAIHANGKONGFADONGJIZHONG,ZUIHEXIN、JIAGONGSHENGCHANNANDUZUIDADEBUJIANSHIWOLUNYEPIAN,WOLUNYEPIANDEXINGNENGHENDACHENGDUSHANGJUEDINGLEHANGKONGFADONGJIDEWOLUNQIANWENDU,ERZHEIYIJISHUZHIBIAOSHIHANGKONGFADONGJIHUADAIDEZHONGYAOYIJU。WOLUNYEPIANGONGZUOHUANJINGJIQIELIE,TAXUYAONENGGOUZHANGSHIJIANZAIGAOWEN、GAOYADEHUANJINGXIABAOCHISHUWANZHUANDEGAOSUZHUANDONG,GAOWEN、GAOYA、GAOZHUANSU、ZHANGSHIJIAN,ZHEIYANGKEKEDEYAOQIUYIJINGBUSHIDANKAOCAILIAOXINGNENGTISHENGSUONENGJIEJUEDELE,SHISHISHANG,WOLUNQIANWENDUDETIGAOXUYAOCAILIAOXINGNENGHELENGQUEJISHUDETONGSHITISHENG。


滚球体育YIMEIGUOF-22ZHANDOUJIZHUANGPEIDEF-119FADONGJIWEILI,TADEWOLUNQIANWENDUGAODA1977K,CAILIAOFANGMIANSHIYONGDESHIDISANDAIDANJINGNIEJIGAOWENHEJIN,SHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,XIANZAISHUILENGDIPANSHANGJIARUXUANJINGQIHUOZIJING,YIBIANKONGZHIDANYIJINGTIJINRUZHUJIAN,RANHOUQIADANGDIKONGZHIJINSHURONGYEZHONGDEWENDUTIDUHEJINGTIDESHENGZHANGSUDU,SHIZHEIGEJINGLIZHUBUZHANGMANZHENGGEXINGQIANG,ZUIZHONGXINGCHENGYUANZIPAILIEYIZHIDEDANJINGTI;LENGQUEJISHUFANGMIANCAIYONGLEXIANJINDEQIMOLENGQUE,JIXIANCONGYAQIJIYINCHULENGQI,RANHOUTONGGUOWOLUNYEPIANDEGENBUJINRUYEPIANNEIBUDELENGQUETONGDAO,ZUIHOUCONGYEPIANBIAOMIANDEQIKONGPENCHU,ZAIYEPIANBIAOMIANXINGCHENGYICENGLENGQIMO,JIANGWOLUNYEPIANYUGAOWENRANQIGELIKAILAI。


DANJINGCAILIAODESHENGZHANGHELENGQUETONGDAODESHEJIDOUBUNANZHANGWO,DANSHI,XIANJINDEDANJINGCAILIAOYUFUZADELENGQUENEIQIANGDIEJIAZAIYIQIJIUHUISHIWENTIFUZAHENDUO,XUYAOTONGGUOJIQIFUZADEGONGYICAINENGSHIXIANZAIXINGZHUANGFUZADEMOJUZHONGSHENGZHANGCHUFUHEYAOQIUDEDANJINGWOLUNYEPIAN,MUQIANZHIYOUSHAOSHUHANGKONGFADONGJIQIANGGUOZHANGWOZHEIZHONGJISHU。


                          单晶涡轮叶片的生长原理图(左)及气膜冷却示意图(右)


XINPIANLINGYUZUINANTUPODESHIZHIZAOXINPIANDEGUANGKEJI,YOUYUSHIZAINAMICHIDUSHANGDUIXINPIANJINXINGJIAGONG,GUANGKEJIBENSHENDEKONGZHIJINGDUYEXUYAOZAINAMILIANGJI,GUANGKEJIZHONGYOULIANGGETONGBUGONGZUOTAI,YAOQIUGONGZUOTAIYOUJINGZHIDAOYUNDONG,WUCHAKONGZHIZAI2nmYINEI,YUHANGKONGLINGYUDEZHIGUANDUIBISHIZHEIYANGDECHANGJING:LIANGJIADAFEIJICONGQIFEIDAOJIANGLUO,SHIZHONGQITOUBINGJIN,YIJIAFEIJISHANGSHENCHUYIBADAO,ZAILINGYIJIAFEIJIDEMILISHANGKEZI,BUNENGKEHUAI,NANDUKEXIANGERZHI。


icCHENGXUJIEMIDEXINPIANDEZHICHENGSHIYONGLAIBIAOZHENGJICHENGDIANLUCHICUNDAXIAODECANSHU,ZHICHENGGONGYIDEMEIYICITISHENG,DAILAIDEDOUSHIXINGNENGDEZENGQIANGHEGONGHAODEJIANGDI。21SHIJIYILAI,XINPIANZHICHENGCONG180nm、130nm、90nm、65nm、40nm、28nm、22nm、14nm,YIZHIFAZHANDAOXIANZAIDE10nm、7nm、5nm。


MUQIAN,BANDAOTIJINGYUANZHIZAOJIZHONGDUXIANZHUTISHENG,ZHIYOUJUTOUCAINENGBUDUANDIYANFATUIDONGJISHUDEXIANGQIANFAZHAN,SHIJIEXINPIANCHANYE28-14nmGONGYIJIEDIANYIRANCHENGSHU,10nmZHICHENGYEYIJINGJINRUPILIANGSHENGCHAN,YINGTEER、SANXINGHETAIJIDIANJUNXUANBUYIJINGSHIXIANLE10nmXINPIANLIANGCHAN,BINGQIEZHUNBEIJIXUTOUZIJIANSHE7nmHE5nmSHENGCHANXIAN。XINPIANZHICHENGZAIJINRU10nmSHIHUIMIANLINXIANGDANGYANJUNDETIAOZHAN,YIGEYUANZIDEDAXIAOYUEWEI0.1nm,10nmZHIYOUQUQU100GEYUANZI,YENEIRENWEI,DANGJINGTIGUANDECHICUNSUOXIAODAO10nmSHIHUICHANSHENGLIANGZIXIAOYING,ZHEISHIJINGTIGUANDETEXINGJIANGHENNANKONGZHI,XINPIANDESHENGCHANNANDUJIUHUICHENGBEIZENGZHANG,LIANGPINLVHENNANTIGAO。


MUQIAN,GUONEI28nmGONGYIJINZAI2015NIANSHIXIANLIANGCHAN,QIERENGYI28nmYISHANGWEIZHU,YENEIRENWEI,28nmSHICHUANTONGZHICHENGHEXIANJINZHICHENGDEFENJIEDIAN,YEJIUSHISHUOWOGUODEXINPIANZHIZAOSHUIPINGHAITINGLIUZAICHUANTONGZHICHENGJIEDUAN,ZHUIGANGUOWAIXIANJINZHICHENGKEWEIRENZHONGDAOYUAN。


YINCI,CONGJISHUJIAODULAIKAN,GAODUANXINPIANBIGAOXINGNENGHANGKONGFADONGJIHAISHIYAONANTUPOYIXIE。

 

与技术对应的就是市场了,下面,我们从市场规模以及市场培育难度进行分析。

 

滚球体育GENJUWorld Air Force 2016SHUJUXIANSHI,MUQIANWOGUOYONGYOUGEXINGJUNYONGFEIJIGONGJI2942JIA,JINWEIMEIJUNZHANJIBAOYOULIANGDE1/5,QIELAOJIUZHANJIDEZHANBIJIAOGAO,SUIZHEWOGUOKONGJUNDEZHANLVEZHUANXING,XINSHIDAIDEXINYAOQIUJIANGCUISHENGJUNJIBUDUANBANLIEZHUANGJISHENGJIHUANZHUANGDEXINXUQIU,SHOUYIYUCI,WEILAI10NIANWOGUOJUNYONGHANGKONGFADONGJIDESHICHANGXUQIUJIANGDADAO335YIMEIYUAN,NIANJUN33.5YIMEIYUAN。

 

GENJU《ZHONGGUOSHANGFEIGONGSI2016-2035NIANMINYONGFEIJISHICHANGYUCENIANBAO》,WEILAI20NIANZHONGGUOJIANGJIAOFU6865JIAKEJI,JIAZHIYUE9293YIMEIYUAN。ANZHAOFADONGJIJIAZHIZHANBIYUE30%CESUAN,WEILAI20NIANWOGUOSHANGYONGHANGKONGFADONGJISHICHANGGUIMOHEJIYUE2788YIMEIYUAN,NIANJUN139.4YIMEIYUAN。


JINNIANLAIWOGUOLUXUCHUTAIYIXILIEZHENGCE,JIJICUJINTONGYONGHANGKONGYEDEFAZHAN,YUJIWEILAI20NIANWOGUOTONGHANGFEIJIXINZENGXUQIUYUE6WANJIA。ANMUQIANSHICHANGSHANGFEIXINGQIJIEGOUCESUANDANJIAYUEWEI350WANMEIYUAN,FADONGJIZHANBIYUE30%CESUAN,WEILAI20NIANWOGUOTONGHANGFADONGJIZENGLIANGSHICHANGXUQIUYUEWEI630YIMEIYUAN,NIANJUN31.5YIMEIYUAN。


滚球体育SANZHEXIANGJIA,WOGUOHANGKONGFADONGJIDESHICHANGGUIMOYUEWEI204.4YIMEIYUAN。


JUWSTSSHUJU,2017NIANSHIJIEBANDAOTISHICHANGGUIMOWEI4086.91YIMEIYUAN,SHOUCITUPO4000YIMEIYUANDAGUAN,ERZHONGGUOBANDAOTISHICHANGJIEJINQUANQIUDE1/3,XINPIANYIBANZHANDAOBANDAOTISHICHANGZONGZHIDE80%YISHANG,YINCI,WOGUOXINPIANXINGYEDESHICHANGGUIMOCHAOGUO1000YIMEIYUAN。CIWAI,SUIZHE5G、XIAOFEIDIANZI、QICHEDIANZIDENGXIAYOUCHANYEDEJINYIBUXINGQI,DIEJIAQUANQIUBANDAOTICHANYEXIANGDALUZHUANYI,YUJIWOGUOBANDAOTICHANYEGUIMOJIANGJINYIBUZENGZHANG。


KEJIAN,XINPIANXINGYEDESHICHANGGUIMOYAOYUANDAYUHANGKONGFADONGJIXINGYE。  


CIWAI,HANGKONGFADONGJIDEKEHUBIJIAODANYI,JUNYONGHANGKONGFADONGJIDEZHUYAOKEHUSHIZHONGGUOKONGJUNHEHAIJUN,MINYONGHANGKONGFADONGJIDEZHUYAOKEHUSHIZHONGGUOSHANGFEIGONGSI,SHOUGUOJIAZHENGCEBAOHU,HANGKONGFADONGJIDESHICHANGPEIYUYAOXIANGDUIRONGYIYIXIE。ERXINPIANXINGYESHICHANGGUIMOGUOYUPANGDA,DANKAOGUOJIAFUCHIBUTAIXIANSHI,QIYEZISHENBIXUXINGCHENGLIANGXINGXUNHUAN,ERXINPIANSHICHANGJINGZHENGSHIQUANQIUHUAGONGKAIJINGZHENG,XINPIANXINGYEDESHENGZHEDOUSHIYIDAOYIQIANGPINSHACHULAIDE,QIANGZHEHENGQIANG,HOULAIZHEHENNANQIANGZHANSHICHANG。

YINCI,CONGSHICHANGGUIMOHESHICHANGPEIYUNANDUSHANGLAIKAN,XINPIANXINGYEDETUPONANDUGENGDA。


接着,我们从国家层面的重视程度进行分析。


GENJU2006NIANTONGGUODE《GUOJIAZHONGZHANGQIKEXUEHEJISHUFAZHANGUIHUAGANGYAO(2006-2020NIAN)》,GUOWUYUANSHAIXUANCHULE16GEGUOJIAKEJIZHONGDAZHUANXIANG,ZHIZAICHONGFENFAHUISHEHUIZHUYIZHIDUJIZHONGLILIANGBANDASHIDEYOUSHIHESHICHANGJIZHIDEZUOYONG,LIZHENGQUDETUPO,NULISHIXIANYIKEJIFAZHANDEJUBUYUESHENGDAIDONGSHENGCHANLIDEKUAYUEFAZHAN,BINGTIANBUGUOJIAZHANLVEKONGBAI。


ZUOWEIZHONGDAZHANLVECHANPIN,GAOXINGNENGHANGKONGFADONGJIHEGAODUANXINPIANJUNBEILIERUGUOJIAKEJIZHONGDAZHUANXIANG,QIZHONG,GAOXINGNENGHANGKONGFADONGJISHUYU“HANGKONGFADONGJIYURANQILUNJI”GUOJIAKEJIZHONGDAZHUANXIANG(JIANCHENG“LIANGJIZHUANXIANG”),GAODUANXINPIANSHUYU“HEXINDIANZIQIJIAN、GAODUANTONGYONGXINPIANJIJICHURUANJIANCHANPIN”GUOJIAKEJIZHONGDAZHUANXIANG(JIANCHENG“HEGAOJIZHUANXIANG”)。


滚球体育GUOJIAZAI“LIANGJIZHUANXIANG”SHANGDEZHIJIETOURUZAI1000YIYUANLIANGJI,JIASHANGDAIDONGDEDIFANG、QIYEHESHEHUIQITATOURU,ZONGJINEZHISHAO3000YIYUAN,YUJIZHEIXIEZIJINZAIHANGKONGFADONGJIYURANQILUNJILIANGGEFENZHIDEFENPEIBILIYUEWEI80%HE20%,YINCI,GUOJIADUIYUHANGKONGFADONGJIDETOUZIYUEWEI2400YIYUAN。


滚球体育ZHENDUI“HEGAOJIZHUANXIANG”,ZHONGYANGCAIZHENGANPAIYUSUANWEI328YIYUAN,JIASHANGDIFANGCAIZHENGYIJIQITAPEITAOZIJIN,YUJIZONGTOURUJIANGCHAOGUO1000YIYUAN。CIWAI,2014NIAN9YUE24RI,GUOJIACHENGLICHUQIGUIMOGAODA1200YIYUANDEGUOJIAJICHENGDIANLUCHANYETOUZIJIJIN(JIANCHENG“DAJIJIN”),BINGQIAODONG5000DUOYIYUANDEDIFANGJICHENGDIANLUCHANYETOUZIJIJIN(BAOKUOCHOUJIANZHONG),RUGUOZAIJIASHANGYUNNIANGZHONGDE“ERQI”DAJIJIN(YUJIGUOJIACENGMIAN2000YIYUAN),GUIMOSHIBIJIANGZHIBIYIWANYIYUAN。

YINCI,CONGGUOJIAJISHEHUIGEFANGDETOURUGUIMOLAIKAN,GAODUANXINPIANYAOYUANYUANCHAOGUOGAOXINGNENGHANGKONGFADONGJI,ZHEIYESHUOMINGGAODUANXINPIANTUPOQILAIGENGYOUNANDU。

 

最后,我们从掌握核心技术的厂商进行分析。


HANGKONGFADONGJIYANZHIZHOUQIZHANG,JISHUNANDUDA,HAOFEIZIJINDUO,MUQIANSHIJIESHANGNENGGOUDULIYANZHIGAOXINGNENGHANGKONGFADONGJIDEGUOJIAZHIYOUMEI、YING、FA、ESIGUO,ZHUYAODE5GEHANGKONGFADONGJISHEJISHENGCHANSHANGJUNLAIZIZHEISIGEGUOJIA,TAMENFENBIESHIMEIGUODETONGYONGDIANQI(GE)、PUHUI(PW),YINGGUODELUOLUO(RR),FAGUODESINAIKEMA(SNECMA),YIJIELUOSIDELIANHEFADONGJIZHIZAOJITUANGONGSI。YEJIUSHISHUOZHISHAOYOUSIGEGUOJIADEWUJIAGONGSIJUYOUDULIYANZHIGAOXINGNENGHANGKONGFADONGJIDENENGLI。


滚球体育XINPIANCHANYEJUYOUTOUZIFENGXIANGAO、icCHENGXUJIEMIJISHUGENGXINKUAI、SHENGCHANGONGXUDUODENGTEDIAN,HEXINCHANYELIANBAOKUOSHEJI、ZHIZAOHEFENGZHUANG,JISHEJIGONGSIGENJUKEHUXUQIUSHEJIXINPIAN,RANHOUJIAOJIJINGYUANDAIGONGCHANGZHIZAO,ZUIHOUJIAOJIFENGCECHANGJINXINGFENGZHUANGCESHI。CHANYEZHUANYISHIZHONGBANSUIZHEXINPIANXINGYEDEFAZHAN,MUQIAN,JISHUMIJIXINGDEXINPIANSHEJIHUANJIERENGRANJIZHONGZAIMEIHANRIDENGXINPIANQIANGGUO,ZIBENMIJIXINGDEXINPIANZHIZAOHUANJIEYIJINGZHUANYIDAOHANGUOHEZHONGGUOTAIWAN,ERLAODONGLIMIJIXINGDEXINPIANFENGCEHUANJIEZHENGZHUBUWANGZHONGGUODALUZHUANYI。SUIRANJUYOUXINPIANSHEJINENGLIDEQIYEYOUHENDUO,DANSHIZHENZHENGDEGAODUANXINPIANJUYOUJIAOGAODEJISHUBILEIHEQUDAOBILEI,HOULAIZHEHENNANHANDONGXINGYEJUBO,ERZHIZAOHUANJIEZIJINGAODUMIJI,GOUMAIYITAIGUANGKEJIXUYAOSHANGYIMEIYUAN,XINGJIANYITIAOSHENGCHANXIANDONGZHEJISHIYISHENZHISHANGBAIYIMEIYUAN,QITAQIYEHENNANJIERU,YINCI,HENNANSHUOYIGEGUOJIAHUOYIJIAQIYETONGSHISHANZHANGXINPIANCHANYELIANLIDESANGEHEXINHUANJIE,ZHIYOUDUOGEGUOJIADUOJIAQIYEXIANGHUHEZUOCAINENGJIANGGAODUANXINPIANZUODAOJIZHI。


YINCI,NENGGOUDULIYANZHIGAOXINGNENGHANGKONGFADONGJIDEGUOJIAHECHANGSHANGBINENGGOUDULIYANZHIGAODUANXINPIANDEGUOJIAHECHANGSHANGDUO,CONGZHEIGEJIAODUKAN,GAOXINGNENGHANGKONGFADONGJITUPOQILAIXIANGDUIRONGYIYIXIE。

 

我们从技术、市场、国家、企业等角度对比分析了高性能航空发动机与高端芯片的突破难度,ic程序解密专家结论是高端芯片更难突破